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山口阿藤(やまぐちおふじ)さんを思う

飯田高校の校歌の3番の後半に


侫諛(ねいゆ)の俗(ぞく)を退(しりぞ)けて 血ある女(おみな)と謳(うたわ)はれし 
山口阿藤(やまぐちおふじ)その人も 亦(また)この中(うち)に育ちたり

という歌詞がある。

お藤さんは江戸時代の飯田藩の女性で、ひとをあやめて処刑された女性らしい、というのがとりあえず私がわかっていることで、これから詳細を知りたいと思っている。
お藤さんは、ある意味でテロリストであるということを考慮して、戦前より公にはこの3番がうたわれることがなくなったのだというのだから、彼女より身分の高い人を殺めたということなのだろう。

私の父は認知症で、何を聞いても
知らん、
としか言わなくなってしまってしまってからずいぶん久しい。

ところが、
「お藤さん、て知っている?」
と聞いたら、
知っている、というので、驚いた。

母も、お藤さんを知っているというのだ。
母が子どものころ、長源寺で毎月16日とかに、お藤さんの縁日があったのだとか、
それで、その縁日に行って何かをいただいて、それを、自分の病んでいる部分に当てるとそれが治るとか言われていたとか、

Photo

長源寺に、お藤さんの碑があった。


安井息軒「烈女阿藤伝(れつじょおふじでん)」
藤本籐陰「藤の一本」

という作品があるらしい。

「お大名の話・武家の婚姻」三田村鳶魚(えんぎょ)著、朝倉治彦編、中公文庫、1998年9月3日発行
という本を図書館で見つけました。 それによると、

水野忠邦の天保の改革のころ、親寚(ちかしげ)は、幕府の若年寄という要職にあった。
飯田藩2万石の藩主堀親義(ちかのり)氏は、水野忠邦の妹高子を妻とし、側室はなかったという、
親義(ちかのり)の父親寚(ちかしげ)には子どもが15人、妻成子は、徳島25万7千石から入嫁したが、子どもはなかった。
親義(ちかのり)の母は糸。親義(ちかのり)は少しばかり低能だったという。
お藤の手にかかるのは若山。
若山は、親寚(ちかしげ)の寵愛を受けた妾だが、糸と年齢は近かった。
若山は色の浅黒い、押し出しの立派な品のいい女性だが、綺麗とか美しいというのではなかったのだとか。だが才芸ともに勝れていて、親寚(ちかしげ)の有能な秘書官であった。
飯田藩の財政は逼迫していたし、
長男親義(ちかのり)ではなく、弟を即位させようとしているなど、飯田藩の人々からは若山は良く思われてなかった。

お藤は兄弟あり、父は下屋敷に奉公しており。母は少々変わっており、小さなころより奉公に出されていたのを、若山が見出し、奉公させt、教育を受けさせ、一人前にさせた。だが親義(ちかのり)が、お藤に手をつけたため、お藤は屋敷から追い出され、金持ちの盲人の男性と結婚させられ、一児を設けたが、子どもが生まれるとすぐに、その夫は性病で亡くなり、その男の母親に、赤ん坊が引き取られ、お藤は下屋敷で働いている父のもとに戻る。
そのお藤を不憫に感じた若山は、お藤を下屋敷で親寚(ちかしげ)の妻成子に奉公させるが、
成子も若山に泣かされている立場でもあり、お藤も、若山に殿との間を引き裂かれ、結婚させられ、捨てられることになったという思いからか、思いつめて脇差しで若山を刺し、一週間後に若山が亡くなってからお藤は飯田の処刑場で処刑される。

だが、若山を快く思っていない人たちは少なくなく、お藤を不憫に思う人多く、お藤の父も兄もその後は出世したのだとか。


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